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    铜雕和石雕个性化意义

    2020-6-14 10:04:24      点击:
    每种材质都有其优势和局限性,可谓各有千秋,有不同的适用范围。探讨石雕和铜雕的差别,主要应该着重于材质与艺术表现力之间的关系,而无需过多地担心无休止复制和造假。但是,石雕和铜雕相比,养护难度较大。

    Each material has its own advantages and limitations. It can be said that each material has its own advantages and different application areas. To explore the difference between stone carving and bronze carving, we should mainly focus on the relationship between material quality and artistic expression without worrying about endless duplication and forgery. However, compared with bronze carving, stone carving is more difficult to maintain.

    雕塑中所用的石材,通常以花岗岩为主。由于花岗岩硬度非常高,稳定性强,很难被空气中的酸性物质腐蚀,又比较适合于陈列在开阔的户外空间,因此,经常用于表现永恒的、稳定的题材,像纪念性的雕塑,多数都采用石材。中国古代,石材也是普遍被使用的,像汉代的园林雕塑、陵墓前的大型纪念雕塑,以及唐代的石窟艺术,都以石雕为主。

    The stone used in sculpture is usually granite. Due to its high hardness and strong stability, granite is difficult to be corroded by acid substances in the air, and it is more suitable for display in open outdoor space. Therefore, it is often used to show eternal and stable themes, such as memorial sculptures, most of which are made of stone. In ancient China, stone was also widely used, such as garden sculpture in Han Dynasty, large-scale memorial sculpture in front of mausoleum, and grotto art in Tang Dynasty.

    铜雕也有它特殊的语言,古铜色本身就给人一种充满文化内涵的感觉,本身的质感又带有一种力量冲击,因此虽然相对容易受腐蚀,也仍然被用于大型的户外作品。而且,铜雕的表现力非常强,架上雕塑就是以铜雕、木雕等为主流了。南方的汉白玉,像四川、云南等地出产的,质地非常细腻,灯光从作品的背面打入,可以看到温润如玉的感觉,非常不错。但汉白玉只有在室内才比较好养护,放置于庭院中,很容易就发黑,而且一经变黑会很难清理。就是花岗岩的石雕也并非无懈可击。有些石材不太好的,容易出现裂缝;或者石线在风雨的侵袭下,也会变黑。
    The bronze carving also has its special language, the ancient copper color itself gives people a feeling full of cultural connotation, and its texture also has a kind of power impact, so although it is relatively easy to be corroded, it is still used in large-scale outdoor works. Moreover, the expression of copper sculpture is very strong. The main stream of sculpture on the shelf is copper sculpture and wood sculpture. The southern white marble, produced in places like Sichuan and Yunnan, is very delicate in texture. When the light is put into the back of the work, you can see the feeling of being as warm as jade, which is very good. However, the white marble can only be well maintained indoors. When it is placed in the courtyard, it is easy to turn black, and once it turns black, it is difficult to clean it. Even the stone carving of granite is not perfect. Some stone materials are not very good, easy to crack; or stone line in the invasion of wind and rain, will also turn black.